大人の英文法-141

ネイティブチェックメモ(1)

 

 

※Aはアメリカ人,Bはイギリス人(SKYWARDのインフォーマント)。  

(    ) her age, she has a promising future.

@Consider  〇AConsidering  BConsidered  CTo consider

指摘(A):@も別解となりうる(つまり,文と文をコンマでつなぐ形は許容される)。以下はコメント。

I worry about this [@]. "Technically" this would be "wrong" because it's a comma splice and it should be two separate sentences. 

However, this kind of structure is often seen in novels, especially in dialogue and first-person speech, so there is clear evidence this is an acceptable style.

If you (      ) me, I'd have lent you some money.

@asked  Ahave asked  〇Bhad asked  Cwould ask

指摘(A):@も別解となりうる(つまり,仮定法過去完了のif節で単純過去形を使う人も多い)。以下はコメント。(Bも同意見)  

Technically, I'd agree this [@] is wrong, but I believe many native speakers do use this form as a replacement for the past perfect. 

The earthquake yesterday was the strongest I have (   ) experienced.

〇@ever  Anever  Byet  Cnot

指摘(A):Bも別解となりうる。

It's really ( exciting / excited / excitement ) to ride on that roller coaster.

@excite  〇Aexciting  Bexcited  Cexcitement

指摘(A):itがたとえば犬なら,Bも別解となりうる。

I here our teacher is getting (      ) in June.

@ marriage  A marrying  〇B married  C to marry

指摘(A):Cも別解となりうる。(get to do=〜できる)

You must not have a barbecue on the lawn.

You aren’t supposed to have a barbecue on the lawn. (書き換え問題)

指摘(B):supposedallowed,またはmustshouldbe supposed tomustほど強い意味ではない。

●They accused him of theft.=They charged him with theft. (書き換え問題)

指摘(A・B):同じ意味ではない。chargeができるのは警察だけ。

 

※以下,赤字が修正後。

a cake of soap → a bar of shape(A)

shave oneself(ひげをそる)→ 言わない (A・B)

● The telephone was invented by Graham Bell (→Alexander). (A)

There seem to be a lot of problems about (→in) the plan.(A)

● He raised his hand to stop (→catch) a taxi. (A)

● We should (→must) take drastic measures. (A)

● I can't afford a new car. Instead, I want to buy a used car (→one). (A)

● She is fresh from (→out of) college. (A)

● A lot of oil flowed away from (→out of) the tanker. (A)

● She is rumored to have been an actress (→actor). (A)

● To put it shortly (→bluntly), the plan is impractical. (A)

● About 30 percent of the students got perfect scores (→a perfect score).(A)

● After the hurricane, the townscape had (→was) changed beyond recognition.(A)

● Despite the new policy, the economy hasn't shown a sign (→any signs) of recovery yet. (A)

● Unlike in Japan, there aren't vending machines outdoors everywhere (→everywhere in foreign countries). (A)

● I'm not in the least afraid of ghosts (→dogs [snakes]).(A)

指摘:dogs/snakes:実在しないものを怖がるのは不自然。

● I like playing video games eating (→while eating) potato chips. (A)

指摘:間違いではないがwhileを入れる方がよい。

● Don't leave the engine running while shopping (→while you go shopping). (A)

指摘:元の文では「車を離れて」の意味にならない。

● I wish I had brought in the laundry before it began raining (→started to rain). (A)

指摘:beginは時間をかけて,startは突然始まるイメージ。雨が降り出すのは突然だから。

The (→That) English novel hasn't been translated into Japanese.(B)

指摘:the English novel だと「イギリス小説一般」(総称)のように響く。

● The new shopping mall will play an important part in the local economy (→community).(B)

指摘:play a part economyよりmore tangibleなものに使う。economyなら ... will benefit the local economyがベター。

● The new album of the rock band enjoys a good reputation.

The rock band (released a new album and) enjoyed a good reputation.(B)

指摘:reputationの主体は,人または何らかの意味で人に関係するもの。museumrestaurantcompanyなどは可。

● The online news article turned out to be a fake.

→主語をpaintingにするか,a fakeをfake newsに。(B)

指摘:newsはfakeだがarticleはfakeではない。

なおfake newsは最近できた言い方で,fakeは典型的には芸術作品について使う。

 

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